Tag Archives: Hands

Cato – Duties of the Hands

Customary Allowances for food

For the hands, four pecks of meal for winter, four and one-half pecks for summer

For the overseer, housekeeper, wagoner, shepherd – three pecks each

For the slaves, four pounds of bread for winter, but when vine cultivating begins, increase to five pounds until figs are ripe, the return to four pounds.

Wine allowances:

Each hand receives a yearly supply of eight quadrantals (or Amphora), but add in the proportion of work they do. Ten quadrantals is not too much

Olives and salt allowances:

Save the wind fall olives as much as possible for relishes for the hands. When olives are all eaten, give them fish pickles and vinegar. One peck of salt per year is enough for each hand.

Clothing allowances:

Allow each hand a smock and a cloak every other year. As often as you give out a smock or cloak to any one take up the old one, so that caps can be made out of it. A pair of heavy wooden shoes should be allowed every other year.

As per Cato’s Farm Management book published by Forgotten Books.

Duties Of The Housekeeper – Cato

Part 4 of my sharing a summation of thoughts and ideas of managing a profitable farm by Marcius Cato and published by Forgotten Books.

The overseer should be responsible for the duties of the house keeper. If the master has given her to you for a wife, you should be satisfied with her, and she should respect you.

She should:

  1. not be given to wasteful habits
  2. no gossiping
  3. don’t receive visitors in the kitchen or her quarters
  4. don’t attend parties
  5. no gadding about
  6. practice religion with the permission of the master or mistress
  7. be neat in appearance
  8. keep the house ‘swept and garnished’
  9. every night the hearth is swept and clean
  10. prepare food for overseer and hands
  11. have plenty of chickens and an abundance of eggs
  12. diligently put up all kinds of preserves every year